WIANEWS FOR WEEK COMMENCING APR 04 2010.
WIA Centenary ARISS contact
As previously advised on this broadcast a school contact with the International
Space Station is planned to occur during the WIA Centenary dinner in Canberra
The news we have today is that it has been confirmed ten students from the
Trinity Christian School in Canberra will take part in this Amateur Radio
on the International Space Station (ARISS) event.
School principal Carl Palmer VK1TP/VK2TP is very pleased that the students
will be given such an honour to attend the WIA Centenary dinner and talk
with an astronaut on the International Space Station.
The school at Wanniassa, in the beautiful Tuggeranong Valley at the southern
end of the Australian Capital Territory, will also celebrate its 30th anniversary
next month, adding to what will indeed be a very special occasion.
Australian ARISS Coordinator Tony Hutchison VK5ZAI is finalising arrangements
for the contact between the International Space Station NA1SS, and the WIA
special callsign VK100WIA, on the evening (Australian time) of Saturday the
29th of May during the WIA Centenary dinner.
(Jim Linton VK3PC)
AM and CW on air event on ANZAC Day - an international event
The worldwide on-air event to use AM and CW to commemorate ANZAC Day
Here is a sample of activity where across the world ONLY AM/CW is used.
AM Afternoon Net on 7093kHz from 0600UTC on ANZAC Day.
Mareeba Warbirds Museum in Far North Queensland.
North Queensland Net on 3605.4kHz from 0930UTC on ANZAC Day using AM with
the net controlled from a World War 2 RAAF HQ Communications Bunker.
Stations will be set up onboard the ex RAN Museum Ships Whyalla, Castlemaine
And as special "guests" Turkey's TC Special Wireless Activity Team known as
TCSWAT, will be operating as TC57A from 22 April to 25 April overlooking
If you want to join in or find out more please contact
Mike Patterson VK4MIK
HAMS ACROSS AUSTRALIA.
vk1 local news email email@example.com and ask for subscription.
The two repeaters on Isaccs Ridge have now been set to Hi Power (50 watts),
also the CTCSS tone has been removed from 146.725 MHz for a trial period
just to see how it is affected by other services...
CRARC 10 Metre Night
Instead of heading to Mt Mugga Scout Hall for a meeting or tech night the club is holding a Ten Metre FM night.
All classes of licence can use the 10 metre band and most amateurs have some suitable equipment so the idea is
to get up on air on 29.150 MHz from 7.30 PM local time.
You can go mobile and "hilltop" if you so desire, or you can operate from home. There are no rules on what you
operate (within your licence conditions of course), just fire up and take part.
It will be interesting to see what sort of signal paths get around town, and sure not every person will be able
to hear every other person, but that is Amateur Radio!
(Phil Longworth VK1PL)
web service:- http://www.arnsw.org.au/html/news_vk2wi.htm
VKG Roundup http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/news
Well the dust has well and truly settled settled on the 2010 Wyong Field Day
and believe it, work has started on the 2011 Field Day.
CCARC hope every one that attended enjoyed the experience, the Club is of
the opinion that Amateur Radio was the winner on the day.
A good sign for Amateurs was the large number of candidates who sat for their
Radio Licences and passed at the Field Day.
To all those that did the hard work to bring us VK's Major Field Day a very
big thank you.
Oh and last fortnight the Club was part of the John Moyle competion, from
Mt. Allyn, near the Barrington Tops.
WICEN(NR) AGM, 11th Apr - Lismore Workers Club.
>From 1400 in an upstairs meeting room. Come along.
Member subs of $15 are now due, renew, rejoin as soon as possible. Please send your subs to our Secretary, John
Toland VK2XKX, QTHR.
Oxley Region Amateur Radio Club 35th Annual Field Day.
The Oxley Region Amateur Radio Clubs 35th annual field day is being held on
Sunday 13th June 2010 at the Sea Scouts Hall in Buller Street Port
A good representation of the trade will be in attendance on Sunday 13th June, along with the sale of preloved
gear etc. Free coffee, tea and biscuits as well as a BBQ on Sunday from midday, if necessary we will fire up the
BBQ for lunch on Saturday.
Entry is a mere $5 per person, children under 5 free.
Traditionally it has been a 2 day field day, but unfortunately due to
various reasons we have found it necessary to reduce it to an one day event.
But for the avid fox hunter, we will be holding events on the Saturday
afternoon and Sunday, the venue will be the Sea Scouts Hall.
There will be a trophy for the best presented mobile equipped vehicle.
The Weekends Programme:
Saturday 12th June 2010
10:00 am - 2m 1 x Transmitter, 2m Pedestrian, 2m 2 x Transmitter
12:00 pm - BBQ lunch if required
4:30 pm - 2 metre talk in (points allocated)
6:00 pm - Social dinner at the Port City Bowling Club, Owen Street, Port
Macquarie. Smorgasbord at reasonable prices and your own expense, or make
own arrangements for evening meal.
Sunday 13th June 2010
8:30 am - doors open for sales & registrations
09:00 am - 80 m 1 x Transmitter Fox Hunt
10:30 am - 2 m 2 x Transmitter Fox Hunt
Midday - BBQ lunch. Pay as you eat
12:30 pm - Draw raffles and all competitions
12:45 pm - 10 m 1x Transmitter Fox Hunt (points allocated)
14:00 pm - 2 m Pedestrian Fox Hunt (points allocated)
14:30 pm - Presentation of Fox Hunt trophies
15:00 Presidents address and farewell.
Please note that sales will only be on Sunday 13th June there will be
nothing for sale on Saturday 12th June.
(John McLean VK2KC
ORARC Publicity Officer.)
VK4 - QNEWS
web service local news:- www.wiaq.com/qnews/upload/qnewsbcast.htm
local news email firstname.lastname@example.org
VKR Roundup http://www.police.qld.gov.au/News+and+Alerts/Media+Releases/
The Far North and North Queensland Amateur Radio Gathering (FNNQARG!) will be
happening from the 11th to 14th June at Cardwell Village Beachcomber Motel
and Tourist Park.
It is a yearly gathering of hams and support crews from the Cairns, Atherton
Tablelands and Townsville Regions plus lots of places in between and far away.
FNNQARG! is a friendly, relaxing time with the only energetic event being the
traditional FNQ vs NQ Cricket Match on Sunday morning.
The TREC Trivia Challenge is a rip snorter fun event too !
Get along and catch up with that face you have been speaking to
for ages across the ether.
Its advisable to ring Reception at the park on 1800 005633
to book your accommodation as soon as possible
as the long weekend in June is a popular time.
A wide mix of accommodation from Motel to Villa
to Camping is available.
April 28 South Coast Amateur Radio Club Inc. will hold a talk "Vertically
Polarised Antennas" by Dean VK5LB at 7:30pm local.
Members and guests are invited to this talk on the operation and construction
of Vertically Polarised Antennas.
Want to know more or get some ideas? please get along to Clubrooms -
16 Roberts Road, Hackham.
local area news :- http://reast.asn.au/news.php
vk7 local news, email email@example.com
Club General Meeting
Members of the North West Tasmania Amateur Television Group are advised the next general meeting of the North
West Tasmania Amateur Television Group is scheduled for Saturday April 10th. At the QTH of Ross VK7WP, 78 Pine
Road, Penguin, commencing around 2.00PM.
As the normal date would have fallen on Easter Saturday it was necessary to move the meeting to the 10th.
If time permits, at the conclusion of the meeting, Tony VK7AX, will bring those present up to speed on facilities
and operation of the VOIP machines, including IRLP, EchoIRLP and VoiceMail.
As always an invitation is extended to all to attend.
(Tony VK7AX, News Officer NWT-ATV Group)
=Amateur Radio Magazine=
Barry Robinson with what's in the current Armag
Amateur Radio magazine for April is hot off the presses and full of
For example, WIA President and IARU Region 3 Chairman Michael Owen VK3KI
reports on the crucial regional meetings that make decisions that will affect
the amateur radio service.
There are reports on Amateur Radio New South Wales celebrating its centenary,
including the opening of its new building at the VK2WI Dural site.
Good to see the photo of three elders - David Thompson VK2BDT, Pierce Healy
VK2APQ and Bill Hall VK2XT cutting the cake.
Turning to page 5 now and there?s Foundation Corner with Ross Pittard VK3CE
and Geoff Emery VK4ZPP who discuss the practical side of amateur radio for
new radio amateurs and encouraging them to be hand-on and not afraid to
On page 11, WIA Centenary Committee member Peter Wolfenden VK3RV gives us
the latest instalment in his excellent serialised history.
In technical articles:
Ben Broadbent VK5BB shows a multimedia computer headset adaptor with
for ham rigs
Rick Hill VK6XT has the ultimate multiband dipole
Brian Morgan VK7RR looks at the Flex-3000 Software Defined Radio
and Drew Diamond VK3XU has an active loop receiving antenna and converter
for 136 kHz.
The WIA journal, Amateur Radio magazine is a WIA membership service, and
copies are also available at selected newsagents.
I?m Barry Robinson VK3PV and you?re listening to VK1WIA.
EDUCATION YOUTH AND ADVANCEMENT OF AMATEUR RADIO
UPGRADE FOUNDATION TO STANDARD LICENSE IN SUMMERLAND.
David VK2FDEC has passed his regulations and the paperwork has headed south
for processing. Congratulations to David for his hard work studying
Theory and Regulations and we all look forward to hearing his new standard
call in the near future.
EMDRC STANDARD & ADVANCED UPGRADES COURSE
The annual course will begin on Saturday 18th April running 2-5pm for 8 weeks at the Burwood clubrooms.
To register your interest, email firstname.lastname@example.org or head along to a club meeting.
More details for the highly successful course run by Club Instructor Jonas VK3VF, and details of the club meetings and maps are available on the club website www.emdrc.com.au
Amateur Radio most popular after-school club
A report in the Zanesville Times Recorder says that the Amateur Radio club is
the most popular after-school club at an elementary school.
The Amateur Radio club at the Dresden Elementary School is run by music
teacher Jim Mayercak WX8J who started it last October.
You can read the full article 'Dresden students connect with people around
the world by radio' by Leeann Moore at
INTERNATIONAL NEWS With thanks to RSGB, Southgate AR Club, the ARRL,
Amateur Radio Newsline, NZART and the WW sources of the WIA.
Ham Radio 2010 in Friedrichshafen
The 61st Lake Constance Convention and the Ham Radio 2010, both organized by
Deutscher Amateur Radio Club will take place from Friday, June 25 until
Sunday, June 27 2010 in Friedrichshafen.
DENMARK GIVES HAMS 5 MHZ
The Southgate news says that Danish radio amateurs can now apply to operate
in da 5.250 to 5450 MHz band. Reports are that Bent Christensen,
Oh-Zed 0-5-B has already received a 5MHz permit.
More on this restructuring is on-line at the Danish national amateur radio
OPERATIONAL NEWS -
SPECIAL EVENTS AND ON AIR CONTEST COLUMN - D A T E L I N E 2010
Apr 24 Harry Angel Memorial Sprint
APR 30 - MAY 6 Westlakes CQ Repeater contest
May 8 WIA VK Trans Tasman 80m Phone
Bruce Renn email@example.com
May 15-16 NZART Sangster Shield
Jun 12 WIA VK Trans Tasman 160m Phone
Bruce Renn firstname.lastname@example.org
Jun 12-13 WIA Worked All VK Shires
Jun 19-20 WIA WINTER VHF-UHF Field Day
John Martin VK3KM email@example.com
2010 NZART MEMORIAL CONTEST
When :- 3 & 4 July 2010
Times :- 2000 NZST until 2300 NZST both evenings
Band :- 80m
Modes :- CW and Phone
The Memorial Contest was established soon after the end of World War 2 to
commemorate those who lost their lives in the service of their country. It
is a fitting way to honour those Hams and others who selflessly served their
country so that we, today, may enjoy the freedoms that we do.
The Contest is split into a number of categories catering for all HF
interests so please spare an hour, or two to honour those who paid the
ultimate price that we now enjoy in our present lifestyles.
Contest Rules and Other Operating Information is available from the NZART
Website :- http://www.nzart.org.nz/contests/index.html
Calling CQ all WIA Members going to Dayton
Calling CQ CQ all WIA Members attending the Dayton Hamvention on the 14 to 16 May of 2010. Those WIA members
going to the Dayton Hamvention this year over 14-16th May are invited to register with the WIA National Office
their interest in doing some minor promotional activities at Dayton highlighting the 2010 WIA Centenary. Please
send an email with your contact details and include the word Dayton in the subject line to
SPECIAL EVENT CALLS, REPEATER BEACON DX AND NET ADVICE
hf nets ON the net, www.timroberts-vk4yeh.id.au/
_*Weekly Nets conducted by SCARS.*_
The South Coast Amateur Radio Service (known as "SCARS" or SOUTHCARS)
based in the US, conducts several weekly nets World Wide at various
times throughout the week.
The main goal of the group is to foster further interest in the combined
use of VOIP sytems such as EchoLink and IRLP along with Amateur Radio
to conduct a friendly envioronment between amateurs of all nationalities
world wide and at the same time to have fun.
The addition of a relatively new net in recent times, is the AUSTRALIAN
First impression is that it is open to Australian amateurs ONLY... NOT SO...
Amateurs World Wide are welcome and invited to join the Net,
Australian Amateurs are encouraged to join in.
To fall in line with changes to Summer Time in Australia,
The AUSTRALIAN CONNECTION Net will change on SUNDAY 4th. April 2010,
when all Eastern States will drop back 1 Hour.
As of Sunday 4th. April, the Net has been rescheduled for
1100 - 1200 Hrs.EAST (0100-0200 Zulu).
TO CONNECT TO THE *SCARS* SERVER. (USE ECHOLINK 96140 OR IRLP 9614)
It is suggested amateurs may care to try the net by connecting to the
at 1100 hrs. (0100 Hrs. Zulu) following local broadcasts.
Futher information about SOUTHCARS and ALL Net schedules can be found at
Again the connect details are...
IRLP connects for the AUSTRALIAN CONNECTION net are through Reflector
Echolink connects are through *SCARS* node 96140.
(News via VK7AX)
R1ANF beacon operational
The Deutscher Amateur Radio Club reports that, after a long odyssey from
Germany to the Vostok base (R1ANC) in Antarctica, the 20 meter beacon
is in operation on King George Island (belonging to the South Shetlands.)
The beacon consists of an IC-706, AT-180 antenna tuner, a switching power
supply, a PROCOM HF-5000 vertical antenna and a GPS synchronized controller.
The beacon is working on 14101.0 kHz and transmits text every full minute
"VVV R1ANF ANTBEAP (carrier signal reduced similar to the NCDXF beacons,
starting with 100 watts) R1ANF AR".
Any SWL reports are very welcome and should be sent to Dominik, DL5EBE.
The Mongolian Radio Sport Federation has opened a QSL Bureau.
The address to use is MRSF QSL Bureau, PO Box 573, Ulaanbaatar 16092, Mongolia.
Pacific Odyssey 2010
The Ukrainian DXpeditioners Team (UDXT) members will be active on all
amateur radio bands and modes as: 5W0OX
Look for them from Apia, Upolu Island (WLOTA LH-1944), Samoa (OC-097)
on 18-19th May 2010;
T31UR and T31X from Kanton Island, Central Kiribati (OC-043)
between 22nd May and 1st June 2010;
ZK3X and from the Tokelau Islands (OC-048)
on 2-6th June 2010.
The main mission of this DXpedition is activating T31 Central Kiribati,
Kanton Island, Phoenix Islands Group ranked 19 in World's Most Wanted List.
The next goal is activating ZK3 Tokelau Islands, ranked 35 in World's Most
QSL all callsigns via UR3HR, direct or Bureau.
For more information please visit the DXpedition website at:
BROADCAST MONITORING SWL AND SCANNER NEWS
www.tinyurl.com/BITS-026 (A receiver located in NY USA)
Radio Sweden will terminate its medium and short wave broadcasts this October
31st in favour of web services - with Swedish Radio management stating that
is the best use of resources and in line with international trends.
The English-language service is to continue on the web and on national
Swedish Radio's output in immigrant languages will be available on the web
and broadcast nationally.
Community digital TV on the way
Channel 31 which services the Melbourne and Geelong areas is to switch over
to digital broadcasts next month, with some financial support from both federal
and state governments.
It is to transmit on digital channel 44 from Mount Dandenong, while simulcasting
on analogue Channel 31 until 2013.
It has experienced a rapid decline in viewer numbers as a result of the uptake
of digital TV sets in households, but can now hopefully recover its audience
through the new digital signal.
(Jim Linton VK3PC)
Groups presenting this WIA National News Service
APR VK3 11 VK3DN
APR VK7 25 REAST (ANZAC Weekend)
MAY VK1 23 CRARC (promoting CRARC and WIA AGM)
MAY VK100WIA 30 WIA DIRECTORS JOIN A LIVE OB FROM CANBERRA
WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- ATV (Every pixel tells a story) - Video
A visit with Wolf Harranth OE1WHC Dokufunk Curator
Jonathan Marks has made available an HD video of his visit to the radio
documentation centre in Vienna, home to millions of QSL cards, magazines
and radio related documents.
Jonathan has posted this description of the video:
"I wanted to share part one of a short documentary I am making about the
radio documentation centre in Vienna. When I was there in September last,
my colleague broadcaster and friend Wolf Harranth showed me around the
world's largest collection of radio related documents, both from the
broadcast and amateur radio world.
In fact the millions of QSL cards, magazines, books and unique government
records tell the story of communication across international borders.
They survive on help from volunteers and I hope that this video will help to
explain why they are so passionate about preserving the golden age of
I worked closely with Wolf Harranth, the German media editor at the ORF,
when I was host and presenter of Media Network on Radio Netherlands.
We swapped transmission tapes and I am glad we both had the foresight to keep
a lot of radio history others have subsequently thrown away.
There is more information in both English and German at
Watch the HD video at
Media Network Vintage Vault
WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- CW
FISTS Club - East Asia www.feacw.net
FISTS Club - Australasia www.fistsdownunder.org
FISTS Club - UK & Europe www.fists.co.uk
FISTS Club - Americas www.fists.org
WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- DIGITAL
Australian Coordinator for TCPIP domains is Indy firstname.lastname@example.org
Digital communications boost in VK2
Amateur Radio New South Wales has appointed a Digital Communications Coordinator,
Andrew Gilbett VK2XAG, to research, coordinate and provide advice on current
and emerging digital modes and systems.
His first step is to set up a Software Defined Repeater at the VK2WI Dural
site on the 70cm band.
Andrew VK2XAG has been a radio amateur for three years and currently studying
Electrical Engineering at the University of Technology, Sydney. This SDR
repeater will be part of his university theses.
Anyone within range of Dural is asked to watch for the repeater on 438.600
MHz with a negative 5 MHz offset.
Email contact details for Andrew VK2XAG (email@example.com) can be found in
the text edition of this broadcast.
(Jim Linton VK3PC)
WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- RADIO SCOUTING
Please QSY off the calling frequency after establishing communication.
Australian voice calling frequencies:
3.650, 7.090, 14.190, 21.190, 28.590, 52.160
World CW calling frequencies:
3.570, 7.030, 14.060, 18.080, 21.140, 24.910, 28.180, 50.160
World voice calling frequencies:
3.690 & 3.940 MHz, 7.090 & 7.190, 14.290, 18.140, 21.360,
24.960, 28.390, 50.160
Calling frequencies for Slow Scan TV (SSTV):
3.630, 7.033, 14.227
Calling Frequencies for PSK31
Ham radio satellite support for Boy Scouts 100th anniversary
AMSAT-NA is supporting the Boy Scouts of America 100th Anniversary Jamboree
by dedicating an AO-51 V/U FM repeater for the event.
From Friday April 16, 15:00 UTC until Sunday April 18 19:00 UTC, an AO-51
repeater will be allocated for Jamboree use. All users are requested to give
way to Jamboree stations or QSO's with Jamboree stations.
The frequencies used will be 145.880 FM uplink, and 435.150 FM downlink,
no PL tone required.
AMSAT wishes the Scouts good luck operating via the AO-51 satellite for the
(Ed N8BBQ AO-51 Operations Group)
WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- RESCUE RADIO
EMERGENCY FREQUENCIES IARU REGION 3
3.600, 7.110, 14.300, 18.160 and 21.360 MHz
WICEN Capability Display
WICEN Tasmania (South) Inc will be holding a "show and tell" day around the
REAST clubrooms on Saturday 10th April.
The main purpose of the display is to provide an idea of what WICWEN do and
what they are capable of. Lots of equipment will be on display and
WICEN members will be there to answer your questions.
The local repeaters are very quiet these days, so there must be many
thousands of dollars worth of radio equipment sitting around doing next to
nothing. Why? Difficult to say, but maybe chatting about nothing in
particular doesn't turn you on. Why not get switched on and use your radio
for some community service? WICEN provides radio communications to various
community groups and events on a regular basis. Much of it well suited to
having the family along. Maybe you've thought about it but weren't sure
Why not goe along, have a look, ask some questions and chew on a tasty snag.
SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- ROAR
ROTARIANS OF AMATEUR RADIO
firstname.lastname@example.org VK2IWT Secretary
Guglielmo Marconi Father of wireless, was an Honorary member of the
club from 1933 to 1937 and it continues the tradition and honouring Marconi
to this very day.
Now a' days among its honorary members is Marconi's Daughter,
Princess Elettra Marconi.
4EB -- VK4EB Ted Gold the founder of the first commercial radio station in
Queensland was Vice President of Toowoomba Rotary Club.
THE LOWDOWN COLUMN INCLUDING PRECISION BEACON TRANSMISSIONS
Zevs - the Russian 82 Hz ELF transmitter
How low in frequency can transmitters go ?
Well the Russian Federation operates a transmitter on the
Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) of 82 Hz.
The Russian ELF transmitter Zevs, is located north/west of Murmansk
69�N 33�E, at the Kola Peninsula in north-western Russia. It is used to
communicate with submarines deep under thick sea ice.
REWIND - A LOOK BACK IN HISTORY
Rewind a look back at our history through the serialised written history
by WIA Centenary Committee member Peter Wolfenden VK3RV with assistance
of others, that is being published in the WIA journal Amateur Radio magazine.
War ends wireless experiments
From August 1914 as a result of World War I all experimental stations in
Australia were put off the air and instructed to lodge their equipment at
the local Post Office.
While radio clubs and societies closed during the War, the Wireless Institute
of Victoria decided to stay an entity to ensure the return of equipment and
the right to experiment further after the hostilities were over. And to offer
its services to the Defence Department.
The war effort desperately needed wireless operators, indeed anyone with
Morse code proficiency was in demand.
Although the Great War ended on the 11th of November 1918, the Navies of
the United Kingdom, the USA and Australia held tight to their control of
The United States first lifted restrictions in September 1919 but only after
much pressure from the Congress. The UK and Australia followed, however many
restrictions remained in force for some years.
In Australia temporary receive only licences were issued from November 1919,
and further pressure was required before the general issue of transmitting
licences occurred nearly three years later.
APRIL 3-4-5 VK3
Midland Amateur Radio Club's Radio, Electronic & Astronomy Expo.
Old Fire Station Building" at 52 View Street Bendigo
JUNE 12 VK2
Oxley Region Amateur Radio Club's 35th Annual Field Day.
JULY 17 VK3
GGREC Hamfest Start Time : 10:00
AUGUST 1 VK6
Northern Corridor Group Hamfest Cyril Jackson Sports Centre Ashfield
Oct 29 - 31
VK1OOWIA Westlakes ARC during our WIA centenary celebrations.
NOV 7 VK5
2010 Adelaide Hills Amateur Radio Society Hamfest Rosa St Goodwood
15TH IARU REGION 3 CONFERENCE hosted by V.A.R.C. in Ho-Chi-Minh City, Vietnam.
JAN 23-FEB 17 YEAR 2012
World Radio Conference WRC-11 Geneva 23rd January TO 17th February 2012
MAY 4-7 2012 VK5
YL International 2012 Australia (email@example.com)
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Societies and Club News Letter Editors can EXCHANGE a feed prior to
the actual broadcast date, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Call-backs follow the RF editions, but also for text readers you may
lodge a quick reply to let us know you read it, who knows, you might
even get a "cheerio call".
Thanks to to our dedicated band of broadcast volunteers who utilize
their time and equipment in bringing you this weekly broadcast.
The purpose of "WIANews" is to rapidly provide news of interest to
active amateurs residing in Australia and the globe.
We strongly encourage membership in the Wireless Institute of Australia
and participation in the activities of local clubs.
Opinions expressed in "WIANews" are those of the writers who submit
material and do not necessarily reflect those of the rebroadcasters,
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WIANews wouldn't go astray...
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