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WIANEWS - SEPTEMBER 21 - VK NATIONAL NEWS


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THE BEST NEWS YOU'LL GET ALL WEEK

Oh... and to contact us with your news because
If It Matters To You It Matters To Us!

Email nationalnews@wia.org.au

http://www.wia.org.au (click news in member area) Submit your audio news

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Please... If you are only submitting text and not audio, write your story as
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url's. When you upload audio email us the txt version.


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WIANEWS WEEK COMMENCING SEPTEMBER 21 2014.
HEADING TOWARDS OUR 20TH YEAR OF NON STOP NEWS

WIA looks to the future in submission on our new operating conditions

WIA Grants available for GPS locking of beacon frequencies.

THESE STORIES AND MORE IN THIS EDITION OF NEWS FROM THE WIRELESS INSTITUTE
OF AUSTRALIA FOR WEEK COMMENCING SEPTEMBER 21 2014.





The Melbourne Amateur Radio Technology Group will be holding their first
Hamfest Sunday September 28th

Located just 15 minutes from the Melbourne CBD the Hamfest will be held at
the IKCA Social Club Rooms the corner of Milleara Rd & Keilor Park Drive,
East Keilor just off the Western Ring Road

Plenty of parking is available so come and grab that bargain radio you been
looking for.

There will be door prizes every hour.

For Bookings and full details please visit martg.net





700 Mhz

Telstra started 700 MHZ mobile phone transmissions in Sydney Friday 19
September. This was reported here on WIA National News August 31 2014.

Telstra and Optus had been running trials of 4G services on the 700 MHz
spectrum since July - in six locations including Perth, Fremantle, Esperance,
Mildura, Mt Isa and Griffith.

As of Friday the 'additional test sites' in more than 20 additional
metropolitan and regional centres including Sydney, Adelaide, Darwin,
Bundaberg, Yamba and Sarina are said to be up and running.

The roll out has caught some major venues by surprise, and all users are
advised to carefully monitor all 700MHZ systems from now.

(sourced to vk3dn and wia news aug 31)





ANZAC 100

To commemorate ANZAC 100 a series of articles is to appear in Amateur Radio
magazine by the WIA Historian, Peter Wolfenden VK3RV. Here's a summary of
one of them.

Arnold Holst XPH and later VK3OH, was but one radio amateur who served with
the AIF in signals during WWI.

His story provides some background to the ANZAC Wireless Squadron. During
December 1915 urgent requests were received from India for assistance to
the Expeditionary "D" Force at Mesopotamia in the Persian Gulf.

Both Australia and New Zealand responded with the 1st Pack Wireless Signal
Troop from Australia followed by a troop from New Zealand.

A further increase in wireless capability resulted in the 1st Australian
Wireless Signal Squadron being formed, and arriving in July 1916, with advanced
wireless taking effective charge. It was known as the 1st Australian & New
Zealand Signal Squadron.

Arnold Holst was first licenced in 1914 as XPH and enrolled in the AIF in
January 1916 as an electrician.

By February that year he joined the First Australian Wireless Squadron at
Broadmeadows using Marconi Company equipment. Then he left for Mesopotamia
in May 1916. Both Australian and New Zealand troops were soon known simply
as "The ANZAC Wireless".

Many were Railway and Post Office Telegraphists, together with a fair
sprinkling of amateur operators they had gruelling conditions in the Basra
and Baghdad areas.

Rains, mud, humidity, mosquitos, sand flies, scorpions, prickly heat and
heat-stroke by day and frost-bite by night. However, the Wireless Squadron
did their job well.

The London Gazette reported on the 27th August 1918, the conspicuous services
of Acting-Sergeant A. Holst. Other dispatches include his distinguished and
gallant services and devotion to duty.

In the late 1920s and 1930s Arnold with his brother Otto were well-known
amateur broadcasters through the station 3BY. He also installed and operated
the Melbourne Town Hall public address system.

Arnold was a gentleman amateur operator, artist, and distinguished WWI veteran.

(Jim Linton VK3PC)





WIA BOARD TALK

President Phil Wait VK2ASD vk2asd@wia.org.au
Vice President Chris Platt VK5CP vk5cp@wia.org.au
Secretary David Williams VK3RU vk3ru@wia.org.au
Treasurer John Longayroux VK3PZ vk3pz@wia.org.au

WIA looks to the future in submission on our new operating conditions

This is Roger Harrison VK2ZRH, director on the WIA Board.

The regulation that governs amateur radio in Australia, known as the Licence
Conditions Determination, or LCD, will expire on the first of October next
year.

The Australian Communications and Media Authority - the ACMA - has to
"remake" the LCD so that regulation of the Amateur Service continues after
that date.

This offers the WIA and the Australian amateur community an opportunity to
re-think how best to regulate the Amateur Service now, and for the future.

The LCD sets out how the three licence grades operate, their frequency bands,
the transmission modes that may be used and maximum permitted powers.

The WIA Board has identified a raft of issues for evaluation and invites all
current and prospective amateurs to have input on any related matter, before
a final submission - or series of submissions - is prepared by the Board.

The WIA sees the need to better align the LCD with the regulations prevailing
in other countries - particularly for Foundation and Standard licensees . . . and licence conditions set to enable Australian amateurs to adapt to emerging technologies; a new LCD should reduce unnecessary regulatory burdens - on both amateurs and the ACMA.

A major issue raised by the WIA Board is that the remade Amateur LCD must
include direct reference to the electromagnetic emission - or EME -
requirements all amateurs must meet, so that every amateur is made aware of
their compliance obligations.

Another key issue identified by the WIA Board is to have a new LCD allow
greater flexibility to experiment, with amateur radio to remain a
self-regulating service with no reduction or downgrading from the current
Apparatus Licence principles.

In summary - for the Advanced licence, the WIA advocates a relaxation of
permitted bandwidths and, in line with greater awareness and compliance with
the EME requirements, a power limit of up to 1000 watts without having a
separate a permit. In addition, a variety of new frequency band allocations
are also to be sought.

For the Standard licence - the WIA advocates a relaxation of bandwidths to
allow wideband digital and image modes, up to 200 watts output, and an
increase in the number of permitted bands - particularly the lower part of
six metres at 50-52 MHz - the latter was pursued with the ACMA some years ago.

For the entry level Foundation Licence, the WIA will seek the addition of
digital modes, the use of commercial DIY transmitter kits, permitted for the
use of converted non-amateur transceivers to ham bands, an increase of power
level to 25 watts, and conditions to enable unattended operation and remote
control - this style of operation is permitted in other countries, the UK for
example.

For more details on this important development, please see the WIA website
www.wia.org.au - under the news and events tab. There you will find an
article entitled "Remake of the Amateur LCD", which includes a letter sent
recently to the ACMA.

This is Roger Harrison VK2ZRH for VK1WIA News - with thanks to Jim Linton
VK3PC





DISCUSSION POINT - What use is an F-call?

I've been participating in contests for a little while now, both as part of a
club, using a club station and equipment and under my own callsign using my
own radio.

When I did my first contest as VK6FLAB with 5 Watts, it was to see what effect
it would have on my experience. That was over a year ago and during that
contest I made many contacts and had lots of fun. I must confess that in the
back of my mind it niggled a little that many of those contacts were on UHF
and VHF, rather than on HF.

Recently I did another contest using only 5 Watts, this time all my contacts
were on HF only.

I was on air for about 7 hours and made 39 contacts with 29 stations around
the globe.

I didn't quite make it half way around the planet, but 16700km goes a long way.
For my contact, it was from Perth to Austin, Texas, about the same distance as
between London and Sydney.

It didn't sink in until recently that this means that with my radio, using
5 Watts, I could talk to most of the world with a little patience. Very
humbling and very exciting!

So, next time you wonder if your F-call is enough to get anywhere, you know.
It is.

5 Watts, what a blast!





INTERNATIONAL NEWS With thanks to IARU, RSGB, SARL, Southgate AR Club, ARRL,
Amateur Radio Newsline, NZART and the WW sources of the WIA.

The 5 MHz activity weekend is being held this weekend 20 and 21 September4

South African Radio League members are takING part in a 5 MHz activity
dedicated to propagation research.

The activity comprises various activities during designated time slots.

NOT ONLY IS THE activity open to all South African Radio League members
but to ALL radio amateurs living permanently outside the borders of
South Africa.

More details are available on the South African Radio League web.





India seeks relaxation of red-tape provisions

The world looks on developments in India with a new leadership promising
a breath of fresh air throughout the administration to fix a stalling economy
and stimulate business.

With a new government in place, the Amateur Radio Society of India (ARSI),
the IARU Member Society, has renewed its efforts to remove the old British
colonial-style excessive red tape around Amateur Radio.

ARSI President Gopal Madhavan VU2GMN has long seen some very archaic rules
and long standing issues that restrict the activity and obtaining a licence.

The concerns of ARSI have been outlined in a letter to Ravi Shankar Prasad,
Minister of Communications, Information Technology, Law and Justice.

Gopal VU2GMN wrote: In India we are hampered by some very archaic rules,
which were possibly formulated during the British times, when everything
was done to restrict radio licences being given to Indians.

The most restrictive and time-consuming aspect is the security clearance
that is being done before a licence is granted... in most cases, this takes
months or even years, and often the paperwork is totally lost in transit
between the various agencies.

Many times in the past ARSI has told authorities that no terrorist is likely
to go through the learning and licensing process to obtain an Amateur Radio
licence, when they can operate clandestinely with off-the-shelf equipment.

Every country has security concerns, but a pre-licence security check is
only done in India.

He had immediately sought an easing of issuing a new licences and whatever
action is need to help grow the Amateur Radio population of 15,000 in a country
of more than 1.2 billion people.





Auction of AM and FM radio licences to take place in November 2014

NZ's Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE) has announced
further details for the sale of AM and FM licences.

The licences will be sold via an online auctions.

The auction will run on both the Turners website and Trade Me. It will start
on 27 November4 and run for seven days until 3 December 2014.

The auction is for commercial licences, including some licences previously
allocated on a temporary basis. Existing holders of temporary licences will
be able to continue to broadcast until the auction process has been completed.

The tenure of the licences is until 2 April 2031, subject to licensees
meeting implementation requirements.





Greek Archaeologists have set out to use a revolutionary new deep sea diving
suit to explore an ancient shipwreck where one of the most remarkable
scientific objects of antiquity was found.

The so-called (pronounce as anne tick a theeerah ) Antikythera Mechanism,
a 2nd-century BC device known as the world's oldest computer, was discovered
by sponge divers off a remote Greek island in the Aegean.

The highly complex mechanism of up to 40 bronze cogs and gears was used by
the ancient Greeks to track the cycles of the solar system.

It took another 1,500 years for an astrological clock of similar
sophistication to be made in Europe.

Now archaeologists returning to the wreck will be able to use a new diving
suit which will allow them to more than double the depth they can dive at,
and stay safely at the bottom for longer.

therakyatpost.com/world/2014/09/16/divers-sure-new-finds-ancient-computer-shipwreck/#ixzz3DRT6mkBq


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ARNEWSLINE

VOYAGER 1 - WHERE ARE YOU

Last year the Voyager One mission control team announced
that the spacecraft had reached interstellar space but
many in the academic community remained sceptical.

Now, two researchers working with the spacecraft are looking
to put any doubt to rest with a new test designed to show
conclusively whether or not Voyager One has made it into
interstellar space. Amateur Radio Newsline's Stephan
Kinford, N8WB, has the details:

--

According to The Space Reporter, the test will determine
whether the spacecraft is inside or outside the heliosphere.
That's the so-called bubble of solar particles and magnetic
fields that the sun creates around itself.

The researchers who developed the test believe that Voyager
1 will cross out of its current layer of the heliosphere
within the next year or two. When that occurs,
astrophysicists expect to see a reversal in the magnetic
field around the spacecraft. The lack of a reversal would
show that Voyager 1 is still inside the heliosphere.

That said, other information already in the hands of
researcher's points to the fact that Voyager One has already
left the heliosphere. After gathering data from a solar
eruption that shook particles around the probe, scientists
determined that the density of the spacecraft's surroundings
was much higher than the figures taken in earlier
measurements when Voyager One had yet to cross into
interstellar space. It currently takes radio
signals from Voyager One take over 17 hours to reach Earth.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I'm Stephen Kinford, N8WB,
reporting.

--

Voyager One and Voyager Two were both launched in 1977.
Their initial goal was to simply study the planets of our
solar system. Now, a quarter of a century later both probes
are still operational. Predictions are that Voyager Two
will likely follow Voyager One and enter interstellar space
in a few years. A more detailed look at this experiment is
on the web at tinyurl.com/latest-on-voyager-one





OPERATIONAL NEWS - DATELINE 2014

This weekend, the Manly-Warringah Radio Society's Flagpole contest
September 20.

Next weekend from the 28th it's the Amateur Radios International
Air-ambulance Week, 9 days from Sep 28.

OCEANIA DX Contest Phone 0800 UTC Sat 4th Oct to 0800 UTC Sun Oct. 5

OCEANIA DX Contest CW 0800 UTC Sat 11th Oct to 0800 UTC Sun Oct. 12





VK5LOL Alara Contest Log Reminder

Hi, this is Lesley, VK5LOL, the Alara contest Manager.

This is a reminder to email or post your Alara Contest logs to me before the
closing date, Tuesday 30th September.

Unfortunately the Contest Results won't be available until November.

73, Lesley, VK5LOL.





SPECIAL EVENT STATIONS, DX, BEACON REPEATER AND NET ADVICE

Rolls-Royce Special Event

On the 11th and 12th of October for forty eight hours, the Hucknall
Rolls-Royce Amateur Radio Club are running a special event station GB 1 RR,
celebrating the centenary of the Eagle aero engine.
SSB/PSK31 on HF from 160 metres to 10 metres




YO 2 MSB is active stroke 3A from Monte Carlo, Monaco between
September 5th and the 12th.
QSL via the bureau or electronically using eQSL.




BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, E72.

Special event station E 72 NATO is active until the end of 2014 to
commemorate the cooperation of NATO and Bosnia-Herzegovina that was
established in 2006.
QSL via E 73 Y.





LI for LA and LJ for LB

Celebrates 200 years of the Norwegian Constitution during 2014.

In addition, special event station LM1814 will be active as part of the
celebration.



NAURU SEPTEMBER 29 TO OCTOBER 19

LZ 1 GC is planning to be operational as C 21 GC from the Republic of Nauru
between September 29th and October 19th on 160 through10 meters using CW,
SSB and some RTTY.






E 6 XG

JA 1 XGI has announced his next operation will be from Niue between
December 1st and the 6th and is expected to be issued the callsign
E 6 XG.
Activity will be on 160 through 10 meters, CW, SSB and some digital.
QSL via his home callsign JA 1 XGI either direct or by the bureau.






HS 50 RAST Special Event Callsign

Radio Amateur Society of Thailand (RAST) have been issued with the special
callsign HS 50 RAST which celebrates the 50th anniversary of RAST and can
be used until the end of 2014.




BEACONS

This is Roger Harrison VK2ZRH - with news on a new WIA initiative -

Grants are available to upgrade VK beacons on the bands 2m and up by
implementing GPS locking of their frequency.

The WIA and Alan Devlin VK3XPD have joined in a collaborative arrangement
under the new WIA Grants Scheme to provide beacon owners with funding of up
to $200 per beacon, or beacon group, to upgrade their beacons with GPS
frequency locking.

Anyone who's been around the VHF-UHF bands for a few years understands the
purpose of beacons. The original concept was to provide a 'propagation
indicator' to distant stations. Once they became established, operators
within a beacon's 'local' area used them as a 'reference' signal: "Is my
gear working? Ah, there's the beacon".

Searching for a distant beacon that may be a weak signal is frustrating if
it's not on its nominated frequency, or very close to it.

Most VK beacons derive their output frequency from a crystal oscillator and
multiplier chain, or from a phase-locked loop system locked to a crystal
oscillator. These schemes inevitably have an issue with drift and therefore
accuracy. The problem gets progressively worse the higher the output
frequency. It becomes critical on the microwave bands.

The development of weak-signal digital transmission modes that necessitate
high frequency stability in transceivers has motivated many amateurs to
install GPS locking of their rigs, leveraging the high frequency accuracy
and stability of the GPS satellite technology.

Alan Devlin VK3XPD saw that this development necessitated improving the
VK beacon network, so that their functionality matched what beacon users
were doing. Alan put a proposal to the WIA to encourage beacon owners to
implement GPS locking, which was accepted earlier in 2014. A total of up to
$5000 is available, $2500 each from the WIA and VK3XPD, for the exclusive
purpose of funding GPS locking upgrades for VK beacons operating on bands
from 144 MHz up.

Beacon owners Australia-wide are encouraged to apply - and the sooner, the
better. This is available to all-comers - individuals, clubs and groups,
members and non-members, WIA-affiliated, or not. The initiative ends on
1 June 2015.

GPS locked beacons better serve their function as a propagation indicator
because you know exactly what frequency it will be on, but they also provide
local amateurs with a highly accurate frequency reference.

The terms and conditions of the Grants Scheme are set out in Alan VK3XPD's
article published in the August issue of Amateur Radio magazine. A copy of
his article is now available on WIA website at www.wia.org.au

So, how's progress ?

Up to mid-September, applications had been received from beacon owners in
VK3, VK4, VK5 and VK7, which cover some 15 beacons in total on 2m, 70cm,
23cm, 13cm and up.

Keep those applications coming !

This is Roger Harrison VK2ZRH for VK1WIA News.





WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- ARDF
WIA ARDF COORDINATOR VK3WWW Jack vk3www@wia.org.au
http://users.mackay.net.au/~ron/
http://www.homingin.com
http://www.ardf.org.au

17th World ARDF Championships

Panayot, LZ1US reports on the 2014 Amateur Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
Championships held September 6-13

The 17th World ARDF Championships 2014 was organised by the Kazakhstan
society KFRR and your WIA had teams involved.

It was first time that any championship was organised in this area of
Region 1.

Two hundred and fifty competitors plus one hundred and fifty visitors
were part of this major event. Twenty four societies from four continents
were represented.

The Championships took place some 250 km from the capital Astana.

It is beautiful terrains for the eyes - lakes, rocks, but a little bit
difficult for running.

It was obviously not a problem for sports people from Russia, Ukraine and the
Czech Republic. Traditionally they took almost all the medals, leaving just a
few for the rest.

On the score sheets we had from VK, VK3'S WWW, VT, OW,FJTE





WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- FINAL FRONTIER

Send your message "from the Moon"

The LuxSpace 4M amateur radio payload is expected to fly around the
Moon at the end of October and you can upload a message to the 4M
website that will be transmitted on 145.980 MHz using JT65B during
the flight.

There is room for 2500 messages each up to 13 characters long. Your
message could be your name/callsign or "73 de M5AKA".

During the lunar flyby, the spacecraft will be about 399,636 km from
Earth. The LuxSpace team wish to encourage radio amateurs around the
world to receive the transmissions and send in data. There will be a
number of Experiments and Contests with prizes to the winners in each
experiment and category. Details are given on page 19 of 4M Mission:
a Lunar FlyBy experiment.

4M stands for Manfred Memorial Moon Mission in memory of Professor
Manfred Fuchs, founder and chairman of OHB group, Bremen, who passed
away on April 27, 2014.





WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- RADIO AMATEUR YOUNG TIMERS
A Youth Net meets Saturdays at 0100 UTC on IRLP Reflector #2.
Young Hams Net 3.590 - 7:30pm Victorian time.

Mitchel, ZS6YH, has been selected as the first recipient of the Region 1
Outstanding Ham Youth Award.

The Region 1 Outstanding Ham Youth Award 2013 was presented to Mitchel,
ZS6YH, at the Radio Technology in Action Symposium held at the
Innovation Hub in Pretoria, by Dennis, ZS4BS, the Region 1 Secretary.





WW SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS --- RESCUE RADIO
IARU REGION 3
Emergency Centre of Activity (CoA) frequencies
3.600, 7.110, 14.300, 18.160 and 21.360 MHz


Typhoon hits Central Philippines

At least 70 people are missing after the Maharlika II experienced steering
trouble and sank off the central Philippines during the approach of fast
moving Typhoon Kalmaegi.

Jim Linton VK3PC, Chairman, IARU Region 3 Disaster Communications Committee
said that dDue to the Typhoon, the Philippines Amateur Radio Association has
activated its HERO network for emergency traffic and coordination.

PARA has requested that 7.095 plus or minus 5 kHz be kept clear.

The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has asked all in
its path to take the necessary precautions. The Typhoon over the Cagayan and
Isabela provinces was bringing with it winds of 130km/h and gusts of
160km/h on Sunday, and expected move north-east before reaching the South
China Seay.





SOCIAL SCENE 2014

7th NATIONAL RADIO & PHONO FEST

(Presented by the Historic Radio Society of Australia)

9am - 3pm, Sunday 21 September 2014, at University House, Balmain Crescent,
Acton, in the ANU grounds

Remember the old bakelite radio, or the handsome radiogram in the living room?
What about your first crystal set or Grandpa's elegant Edison phonograph?

All this and a great deal more can be seen and enjoyed at the only truly
national vintage radio/phono fair. The best of these sought-after
collectables will be brought together from across the country for one day only.

This is not an antique dealers' fair. It's a family day, organised by and for
the club enthusiast, the casual visitor, the vintage sound buff.

As well as hundreds of beautiful items spanning radio and sound of the 20th
century, there will be:

" untold parts, literature, and associated ephemera workshops on restoration,
history, and maintenance displays of unique items associated with our radio
and recording history free advice and valuations from the experts

Many of the radios, wind-up gramophones and phonographs will be offered in
full working order.

Wander the display stalls, browse over the many fascinating collectables and
haunting memorabilia on sale. Come, be enchanted, talk to experts, and if
you like - buy.

Queries: Richard - 02 48461096 or 02 62382246

Website: www.hrsa.asn.au

Entrance: $5, or $10 per family





Sep 28 VK3 Melbourne Amateur Radio Technology Group HamFest Keilor East.
Sep 28 VK4 Central Highlands ARC Weekend at Camp Fairbairn.

Oct 3 VK4 Townsville Amateur Radio Club's Cardwell Gathering 4 day event.

Oct 17-19 WW JOTA

Oct 23 VK5 Adelaide RAOTC Luncheon Marion Hotel, Mitchell Park.

Oct 25 VK4 HAMFEST on the Gold Coast. ( hamfest@gcars.com.au )

Nov 2 VK5 HamFest Adelaide Hills Amateur Radio Society

Nov 9 VK3 Yarra Valley AR Group HamFest 10am Gary Cooper Pavilion.
Nov 9 vk3 VHF / UHF and Microwave experimenters

Nov 15 VK7 Miena HamFest
Nov 30 VK3 SPARC HamFest at Rosebud ( howardjones155@gmail.com )





FINAL FINAL

Saturday September 13th did YOU make an audio recording for WIA News?

A file date stamped as being recorded at 11:30 was posted twice to our
upload area, at 11 then at 12 past Midday, BUT, not only were both files
of zero length there was no description or persons callsign attached
to file, nor any email so we could not chase you up to let you know you had
failed in the upload.

Filename: Audio recording 2014-09-13 11-30-46.wav Description: Date: Sat 13 Sep 12:11 hours Size: 0kb
Filename: 1Audio recording 2014-09-13 11-30-46.wav Description: Date: Sat 13 Sep 12:12 hours Size: 0kb

So if you did not hear an item you thought you had sent us THAT could be the
reason.





Submitting news items

If you would like to submit news items for inclusion in the
VK1WIA broadcasts, please email your item in text to nationalnews@wia.org.au

to submit audio read "how to submit items" in the weekly news page on
wia.org.au

Remember the sooner you submit material the more the likelihood of it being
broadcast in the very next edition of WIA National News. Each item will only
be broadcast once, if you want a couple of mentions, please submit different
slants to keep your event 'fresh 'and always if the news room is to read your
item write in the 3rd person.

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WIANews - we've reported...YOU decide.

TWITTER http://twitter.com/VK1WIA

Societies and Club News Letter Editors can EXCHANGE a feed prior to
the actual broadcast date, e-mail nationalnews@wia.org.au

Call-backs follow the RF editions, but also for text readers you may
lodge a quick reply to let us know you read it, who knows, you might
even get a "cheerio call".


Thanks to our dedicated band of broadcast volunteers who utilize
their time and equipment in bringing you this weekly broadcast.

The purpose of "WIANews" is to rapidly provide news of interest to
active amateurs residing in Australia and the globe.

We strongly encourage membership in the Wireless Institute of Australia
and participation in the activities of local clubs. Opinions expressed in
"WIANews" are those of the writers who submit material and do not necessarily
reflect those of the rebroadcasters, nor the National WIA, but are broadcast
in the spirit in which they were submitted."

Material may be reproduced in whole or in part, in any form, a credit to
WIANews wouldn't go astray...

Compiled by VK4BB on behalf of the National WIA.


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